Glossary of Terms
Agricultural Equipment: Agricultural tractors, self-propelled machines, implements, and combinations thereof designed primarily for agricultural operations.
ASAE: American Society of Agricultural Engineers
Agricultural Implement: Agricultural field equipment that is not self-propelled, used in agricultural operations for the production of food and fibre.
American National Standard ANSI/ASAE: A standard approved by the American National Standards Institute and the American Society of Agricultural Engineers.
Beacon: An amber oscillating or rotating warning lamp, commonly located on operator cabs of heavy equipment.
Conspicuity Tape: Retroreflective materials, usually self adhesive.
CSA: Canadian Standards Association
Daytime: The period that starts immediately following the half hour after sunrise and ends immediately a half hour before sunset.
Escort Vehicles: An agricultural tractor or a motor vehicle other than a motorcycle, moped, or a mobility vehicle.
Existing Equipment: Agricultural equipment manufactured prior to January 1, 1998.
Extremities: An extremity is the extreme projection of the equipment in question. For example, the extremity of a tractor may be the protruding axle stubs. On a cultivator it may be the protruding shovels when folded into transport position.
Farmstead Equipment: Equipment, other than agricultural field equipment, tractors, or self-propelled implements, used in agricultural operations for the production of food and fibre (examples include livestock equipment feeding systems, livestock watering and waste handling systems, crop dryers, milling systems, material handling equipment, etc.). This is generally stationary equipment, and is only occasionally moved on a public road.
Flashing Amber Warning Lamps: A regularly and predictably interrupted amber coloured light source used to identify the extremities of slow-moving equipment on public roads. Flashing Amber Warning lamps must meet SAE Standard J974, Flashing Warning Lamp for Agricultural Equipment.
Coloured Fluorescent Flags: A coloured fabric or other flexible material impregnated with dyes that absorb radiation from one source and emit it again as visible light, so as to appear bright and glowing. For the purpose of compliance to the Lighting and Marking Regulation, the flags must have an area not less than 0.2 m² (320 in.²) and be mounted such that the full area is visible to traffic approaching from the front or rear. Suggested colours are orange and red. (FIGURES 3, 4, 10, 11).
Hard Wiring: Permanently installed wiring on a self-propelled machine that connects with and works in concert with permanently installed wiring and lighting on attached implements.
Headlamps: A non-interruptible (as opposed to flashing) white coloured light source used to illuminate the path of travel of equipment for operators, and identify moving equipment for oncoming traffic on public roads. Headlamps must conform to SAE Standard J975.
Impair: To dim or conceal (wholly or partly) a lamp or marking with some external interfering object.
Lateral: Surfaces spanning a horizontal distance.
Left Side: The left hand side of a tractor, self-propelled implement of husbandry, agricultural implement, or farmstead equipment, as determined from the rear of the vehicle facing in the direction that it moves.
Lensing: Covers on lamps that diffuse and colour the light emitted from a source.
Lighting: Lamps used to illuminate and identify various parts of a machine to mark its size and position on a public road.
Marking: Signs and reflectors or reflective materials used to identify various parts of a machine and mark its size and position on a public road.
New Equipment: Agricultural equipment manufactured after January 1, 1998.
Nighttime: The period that starts a half hour before sunset and ends a half hour after sunrise.
Practicable: Possible to practice or perform, likely to meet the needs of a case.
Reflectors: Can be part of lensing in lamps provided the lensing meets the reflective requirements of SAE Standard J594, Reflex Reflectors.
Reflective Materials: Other than reflectors which are part of lensing in lamps. Reflective material must meet the reflective requirements of ANSI/ASAE Standard S276.3, Slow-Moving Vehicle Identification Emblem.
Right Side: The right hand side of a tractor, self-propelled implement of husbandry, agricultural implement, or farmstead equipment, as determined from the rear of the vehicle facing in the direction that it moves.
Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) Standard: A standard approved by the Society of Automotive Engineers.
Self-propelled Equipment: Equipment that is conveyed by its own power source.
Seven-pin Connector: A standardized wire harness connector used to connect hard wiring on a self-propelled machine to hard wiring on an attached implement for the purpose of controlling lights or other electrically powered equipment on the attached machine. The connector must meet the requirements of CSA-M663-92, Seven-Pin Electrical Connector and Cable for Agricultural Towing/Towed Equipment or SAE Standard J560, Seven-Conductor Electrical Connector for Truck-Trailer Jumper Cable, and must be mounted on the towing vehicle according to ASAE Standard S279.9, Lighting and Marking of Agricultural Field Equipment on Highways. See FIGURE 17 for wiring diagram.
Slow-Moving Vehicle (SMV) Emblem: A brightly coloured, triangular sign as described in ASAE Standard S276, Slow-Moving Vehicle Identification Emblem.
Symmetrically Mounted: Mounted at the same height and at the same distance from centre.
Tail Lamps: A non-interruptible (as opposed to flashing) red coloured light source used to identify the rear of machinery on public roads for approaching traffic. Tail lamps must conform to SAE Standard J585.
Towing Vehicle: A tractor, self-propelled implement of husbandry or motor vehicle.
Unison Flashing: Two or more lamps that flash on and off simultaneously.